Monday, September 1, 2014

Har Ki Pauri in 1880s (Haridwar, India)

According to the Hindu mythology, King Vikramaditya have built “Har Ki Pauri” in 1st century BC in the memory of his brother Bharthari who had come to meditate here on the bank of the Ganges.

Thursday, August 21, 2014

Historical Speech of Jawaharlal Nehru on 15 August 1947

The constituent assembly of India met for its fifth session at 11 pm on 14 August in the Constitution Hall in New Delhi. The session was chaired by the president Rajendra Prasad. In this session, Jawaharlal Nehru delivered his historical speech proclaiming India's independence.

Historical speech of Jawaharlal Nehru (India's First Prime Minister) on 15 August 1947 :

"Long years ago we made a tryst with destiny and now the time comes when we will redeem our pledge, not wholly or in full measure, but very substantially. At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom. 
A moment comes, which but comes rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new, when an age ends and when the soul of a nation long suppressed, finds utterance. We end today a period of ill fortune, and India discovers herself again."

Symbolism of colours and the Ashoka Chakra in Indian National Flag by S. Radhakrishnan

The Indian National Flag is a horizontal three coloured flag of deep saffron, white and dark green colours. Ashok Chakra, a 24 spoke wheel in navy blue colour is at its center. The ratio of the flag's width to its length is two to three. The Indian national flag is made of Khadi. (Made of cotton or silk)

Dr S. Radhakrishnan (India's first Vice President) explained the symbolism of colors and the Ashoka Chakra in Indian National Flag :

  • The saffron colour denotes renunciation or disinterestedness. Our leaders must be indifferent to material gains and dedicate themselves to their work.
  • The white in the center is light, the path of truth to guide our conduct.
  • The green shows our relation to soil, our relation to the plant life here, on which all other life depends.
  • The Ashoka Chakra in the centre of the white is the wheel of the law of dharma. Truth or satya, dharma or virtue ought to be the controlling principle of those who work under this flag.
  • The wheel denotes motion. There is death in stagnation. There is life in movement. India should no more resist change, it must move and go forward. The wheel represents the dynamism of a peaceful change.

Sunday, August 18, 2013

Finger Print of Bhagat Singh

Thumb Impression of Bhagat Singh

The Execution of Bhagat Singh announced on Front Page of The Tribune

The Lahore Tribune's front page on the 25th of March 1931. The article also reveals that there were no last interviews with relations and that the dead bodies were secretly disposed of.

Sukhdev Thapar (1907-1931)

Sukhdev Thapar, an Indian revolutionary, was born on 15 May, 1907 in the Chaura Bazar area called Nau Ghara (nine houses), Ludhiana. He was an Indian freedom fighter who lived from 15 May 1907 to March 23, 1931. The name of his father was Sh. Ram Lal and Mother was Smt. Ralli Devi. Sukhdev was organiser of revolutionary party in Punjab. That is why the conspiracy case constituted by British Colonial Government was waging war against King George and it was crown verses Sukhdev. It was for this reason that he was sentenced to death by a special tribunal the proceedings of which were bycotted by the accused persons because of biased and colonial attitude of the judges. He is best known as an accomplice of Bhagat Singh and Shivaram Rajguru in the killing of a British police officer in 1928 in order to take revenge for the death of veteran leader Lala Lajpat Rai due to excessive police beating. All three were hanged in Lahore Central Jail on March 23, 1931 in the evening at 7.33 pm against all norms of hanging. The dead bodies were secretly taken away by breaking the back walls of jail and were seceretly burnt on the banks of River Satluj near Firozepur about 50 miles away from Lahore. The bodies were cut into pieces to make the burial quick.

Sukhdev was an active member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, being one of the seniormost leaders. He is known to have started study circles at National College (Lahore) in order to delve into India's past as well as to scrutinize the finer aspects of the world revolutionary literature and Russian Revolution. He along with Bhagat Singh, Comrade Ram Chandra and Bhagwati Charan Vohra started Naujawan Bharat Sabha at Lahore. The main aims of this organization were to activate youth for freedom struggle, inculcate a rational scientific attitude, fight communalism and end the practice of untouchability. Sukhdev also participated in the 1929 Prison hunger strike to protest against the inhuman treatment meted out to the inmates.

His letter to Mahatma Gandhi written just prior to his hanging, protesting against the latter's disapproval of revolutionary tactics, throws light on the disparities between the two major schools of thought among Indian freedom fighers. However, Hansraj Vohra - the man who gave the clinching testimony that resulted in the hanging of the trio, claimed that Sukhdev had himself turned an approver. Nevertheless, this relatively baseless contention does not detract from the tremendous courage, patriotism and self-sacrifice that Sukhdev Thapar embodifies, as is evident in the recent naming of a school after him in Ludhiana.

Sukhdev’s letter to Gandhi is also a fine reflection of his ideals. “The aim of revolutionaries is to establish a socialist republic in the country. There is no possibility of even a slight amendment to this goal. I think you believe the revolutionaries are irrational people who enjoy destructive actions. I want to tell you that the truth is quite the opposite. They know their responsibilities and they hold the constructive elements high in their revolutionary constitution even though in the present circumstances, they have to attend to their destructive side only,” he wrote.

Friday, June 21, 2013

The Lion Gateway (Singha Dwara) of the Jagannath Temple (Puri, Orissa, India) (1870)

The Jagannath Temple in Puri is a famous Hindu temple dedicated to Jagannath and located in the coastal town of Puri in the state of Orissa, India.

Thursday, November 8, 2012

Gandhi Slides Original

Brief Biography of Mahatma Gandhi

Rabindranath Tagore voice

Voice of Rabindranath Tagore 

Rare videos of Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore 1861-1941

Rabindranath Tagore (7 May 1861 to 7 August 1941), sobriquet Gurudev, was a Bengali polymath who reshaped Bengali literature and music. Author of Gitanjali and its "profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse", he was the first non-European Nobel laureate. His poetry in translation was viewed as spiritual, and this together with his mesmerizing persona gave him a prophet-like aura in the West. His "elegant prose and magical poetry" remain largely unknown outside Bengal.

A Pirali Brahmin from Kolkata, Tagore had been writing poetry since he was eight years old. At age 16, he published his first substantial poetry under the pseudonym Bhanushingho ("Sun Lion") and wrote his first short stories and dramas in 1877. Tagore achieved further note when he denounced the British Raj and supported Indian independence. His efforts endure in his vast canon and in the institution he founded, Visva-Bharati University.

Nathuram Godse on Gandhi Murder Trial at Red Fort (22 June 1948)

Nathuram Godse on Gandhi Murder Trial at Red Fort (22 June 1948)

Maharani of Jaipur Gayatri Devi (1940)

Maharani of Jaipur Gayatri Devi (1940) 

Gayatri Devi, often named as Maharani Gayatri Devi, Rajmata of Jaipur, was born as Princess Gayatri Devi of Cooch Behar. She was the third Maharani of Jaipur from 1939 to 1970 through her marriage to HH Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II.

A Rare Picture of Subhash Chandra Bose and his wife Emilie Schenkl

A Rare Picture of Subhash Chandra Bose and his wife Emilie Schenkl

Emilie Schenkl, an Austrian-born national, was the secretary of Subhas Chandra Bose, a leader in the Indian Independence Movement. She was married to Bose in 1937 in Bad Gastein, Austria or in 1941 or in 1942, in Berlin, Germany

Indira Gandhi with her Sons (Rajiv Gandhi and Sanjay Gandhi)

Indira Gandhi with her Sons (Rajiv Gandhi and Sanjay Gandhi)

Indira Gandhi with her Sons (Rajiv Gandhi and Sanjay Gandhi) and Daughter in Law (Sonia Gandhi)

Indira Gandhi with her Sons (Rajiv Gandhi and Sanjay Gandhi) and Daughter in Law (Sonia Gandhi)

Wednesday, November 7, 2012

The Original Picture of Jhansi Rani Lakshmi Bai

The original picture of Jhansi Rani Lakshmi Bai. This picture has been taken by German photographer Hoffman 160 years ago.

The Last Train from Dhaka to Calcutta (1947)

The Last Train from Dhaka to Calcutta (1947) 

Subhas Chandra Bose arrested by British Police (Last Time)

Subhas Chandra Bose arrested by British Police (Last Time)

Mahatma Gandhi with Subhas Chandra Bose (1932)

Mahatma Gandhi  with Subhas Chandra Bose (1932)

The Border of British India and Afghanistan (1934)

The Border of British India and Afghanistan (1934)

Mahatma Gandhi with his wife Kasturba Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi with his wife Kasturba Gandhi 

The Crown of India

The Crown of India

Sunday, October 28, 2012

Kailasa Temple (Ellora Caves, Himalayas)

Kailasa Temple, representing the home of Shiva in the Himalayas. Chiseled out of solid rock from the mountainside, archeologists believe the Kailasa Temple complex took 7000 workers 150 years to complete.
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