Friday, January 29, 2016
Monday, September 1, 2014
Thursday, August 21, 2014
The constituent assembly of India met for its fifth session at 11 pm on 14 August in the Constitution Hall in New Delhi. The session was chaired by the president Rajendra Prasad. In this session, Jawaharlal Nehru delivered his historical speech proclaiming India's independence.
Historical speech of Jawaharlal Nehru (India's First Prime Minister) on 15 August 1947 :
"Long years ago we made a tryst with destiny and now the time comes when we will redeem our pledge, not wholly or in full measure, but very substantially. At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom.
A moment comes, which but comes rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new, when an age ends and when the soul of a nation long suppressed, finds utterance. We end today a period of ill fortune, and India discovers herself again."
The Indian National Flag is a horizontal three coloured flag of deep saffron, white and dark green colours. Ashok Chakra, a 24 spoke wheel in navy blue colour is at its center. The ratio of the flag's width to its length is two to three. The Indian national flag is made of Khadi. (Made of cotton or silk)
Dr S. Radhakrishnan (India's first Vice President) explained the symbolism of colors and the Ashoka Chakra in Indian National Flag :
- The saffron colour denotes renunciation or disinterestedness. Our leaders must be indifferent to material gains and dedicate themselves to their work.
- The white in the center is light, the path of truth to guide our conduct.
- The green shows our relation to soil, our relation to the plant life here, on which all other life depends.
- The Ashoka Chakra in the centre of the white is the wheel of the law of dharma. Truth or satya, dharma or virtue ought to be the controlling principle of those who work under this flag.
- The wheel denotes motion. There is death in stagnation. There is life in movement. India should no more resist change, it must move and go forward. The wheel represents the dynamism of a peaceful change.
Sunday, August 18, 2013
Sukhdev Thapar, an Indian revolutionary, was born on
1907 in the Chaura Bazar area called Nau Ghara (nine houses), Ludhiana.
He was an Indian freedom fighter who lived from 15 May 1907 to March
23, 1931. The name of his father was Sh. Ram Lal and Mother was
Smt. Ralli Devi. Sukhdev was organiser of revolutionary party in Punjab.
That is why the conspiracy case constituted by British Colonial Government was
waging war against King George and it was crown verses Sukhdev. It was for this
reason that he was sentenced to death by a special tribunal the proceedings of
which were bycotted by the accused persons because of biased and colonial
attitude of the judges. He is best known as an accomplice of Bhagat Singh and
Shivaram Rajguru in the killing of a British police officer in 1928 in order to
take revenge for the death of veteran leader Lala Lajpat Rai due to excessive
police beating. All three were hanged in Lahore Central Jail on March 23, 1931 in the evening at against all norms of hanging. The dead
bodies were secretly taken away by breaking the back walls of jail and were
seceretly burnt on the banks of River Satluj near Firozepur about 50 miles away
from Lahore. The bodies were cut into pieces to make the burial quick.
Sukhdev was an active member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, being one of the seniormost leaders. He is known to have started study circles at
in order to delve into India's
past as well as to scrutinize the finer aspects of the world revolutionary
literature and Russian Revolution. He along with Bhagat Singh, Comrade Ram
Chandra and Bhagwati Charan Vohra started Naujawan Bharat Sabha at Lahore.
The main aims of this organization were to activate youth for freedom struggle,
inculcate a rational scientific attitude, fight communalism and end the practice
of untouchability. Sukhdev also participated in the 1929 Prison hunger strike
to protest against the inhuman treatment meted out to the inmates.
His letter to Mahatma Gandhi written just prior to his hanging, protesting against the latter's disapproval of revolutionary tactics, throws light on the disparities between the two major schools of thought among Indian freedom fighers. However, Hansraj Vohra - the man who gave the clinching testimony that resulted in the hanging of the trio, claimed that Sukhdev had himself turned an approver. Nevertheless, this relatively baseless contention does not detract from the tremendous courage, patriotism and self-sacrifice that Sukhdev Thapar embodifies, as is evident in the recent naming of a school after him in
Sukhdev’s letter to Gandhi is also a fine reflection of his ideals. “The aim of revolutionaries is to establish a socialist republic in the country. There is no possibility of even a slight amendment to this goal. I think you believe the revolutionaries are irrational people who enjoy destructive actions. I want to tell you that the truth is quite the opposite. They know their responsibilities and they hold the constructive elements high in their revolutionary constitution even though in the present circumstances, they have to attend to their destructive side only,” he wrote.
Friday, June 21, 2013
Sunday, March 31, 2013
Thursday, November 8, 2012
Rabindranath Tagore (7 May 1861 to 7 August 1941), sobriquet Gurudev, was a Bengali polymath who reshaped Bengali literature and music. Author of Gitanjali and its "profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse", he was the first non-European Nobel laureate. His poetry in translation was viewed as spiritual, and this together with his mesmerizing persona gave him a prophet-like aura in the West. His "elegant prose and magical poetry" remain largely unknown outside Bengal.
A Pirali Brahmin from Kolkata, Tagore had been writing poetry since he was eight years old. At age 16, he published his first substantial poetry under the pseudonym Bhanushingho ("Sun Lion") and wrote his first short stories and dramas in 1877. Tagore achieved further note when he denounced the British Raj and supported Indian independence. His efforts endure in his vast canon and in the institution he founded,
. Visva-Bharati University